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How to Fish for Fluke - Ultimate Guide

Bluefish

Anatomy

Fluke, also known as summer flounder, have flat, oval-shaped bodies with both eyes on one side, allowing them to lie camouflaged on the ocean floor. They have small mouths with sharp teeth and blend well with their sandy or muddy surroundings.

Size and Weight

Fluke vary in size depending on their age and location, but they typically range from 12 to 25 inches in length and can weigh anywhere from 1 to 10 pounds or more. The largest fluke on record weighed over 25 pounds.

Habitat

Fluke are found in shallow coastal waters along the Atlantic coast of North America, from the Gulf of Maine to Florida. They prefer sandy or muddy bottoms with plenty of structure, such as wrecks, reefs, and rock piles. Fluke are also commonly found near estuaries, inlets, and bays.

Aggressiveness and Behavior

Fluke are ambush predators that lie in wait for prey to swim by before striking with lightning speed. They are known for their aggressive feeding behavior and will aggressively attack bait and lures when hungry. Fluke are also highly territorial and will fiercely defend their feeding grounds from intruders.

Feeding Preferences

Fluke are voracious feeders that prey on a variety of small fish, crustaceans, and mollusks. They primarily feed on baitfish such as mullet, mackerel, and squid, but they will also consume shrimp, crabs, and other bottom-dwelling organisms.

Fishing Techniques

Several fishing techniques are effective for catching fluke, including drifting, jigging, and bottom fishing. Drifting involves drifting with the current while dragging bait or lures along the bottom to entice fluke to bite. Jigging involves repeatedly lifting and dropping a weighted jig or lure to mimic the movement of prey and attract fluke. Bottom fishing involves casting baited hooks or rigs to the bottom and waiting for fluke to take the bait.

World Record Catch

The world record for the largest fluke caught on rod and reel is 22 pounds, 7 ounces. However, larger specimens have been caught using commercial fishing gear. Fluke are prized by anglers for their size, fighting ability, and delicious taste, making them a popular target species along the Atlantic coast.

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