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How to Fish for Pike - Ultimate Guide



Pike, also known as northern pike or muskellunge, are predatory freshwater fish known for their elongated bodies, sharp teeth, and distinctive greenish coloration. They have a streamlined shape with a dorsal fin located far back on the body, and their large mouths are filled with rows of razor-sharp teeth.

Size and Weight

Pike are among the largest freshwater predators, with individuals commonly reaching lengths of over 3 feet and weights exceeding 20 pounds. Some exceptional specimens can grow even larger, with world-record pike weighing over 60 pounds.


Pike inhabit a variety of freshwater environments, including lakes, rivers, and reservoirs. They are often found near submerged vegetation, fallen trees, and other structures where they can ambush prey. Pike prefer clear, oxygen-rich waters and are most active in cooler temperatures.

Aggressiveness and Behavior

Pike are highly aggressive predators known for their ambush hunting tactics. They often lurk near cover and strike at passing prey with incredible speed and precision. Pike are solitary hunters and are known to be territorial, aggressively defending their feeding areas from intruders.

Feeding Preferences

Pike are voracious predators that feed on a wide range of prey, including fish, amphibians, small mammals, and even birds. Their diet varies depending on their size and habitat, but common prey items include perch, minnows, and other small fish.

Fishing Techniques

Several fishing techniques are effective for catching pike, including casting, trolling, and live bait fishing. Casting involves using lures such as spoons, spinners, and crankbaits to imitate the movement of injured fish and attract pike. Trolling involves towing lures or baited lines behind a moving boat to cover a larger area and locate feeding pike. Live bait fishing involves using live fish or other natural baits to entice pike to strike.

World Record Catch

The world record for the largest pike caught varies depending on the organization and location. However, the current world record recognized by the International Game Fish Association (IGFA) stands at 55 pounds, caught in Germany in 1986. Many anglers consider pike fishing to be a challenging pursuit due to the elusive nature of large specimens and their aggressive fighting ability.

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